nauvoo legion flag

The LDS Church was incorporated and a militia, based on the Nauvoo Legion, was formed. Legion survival after death of Joseph Smith. When we got to the river, their was a flag ceremony and a prayer. Last Public Address of Lieutenant General Joseph Smith.jpg 624 × 791; 310 KB. “And if General Bennett’s true feelings toward me are not made manifest to the world in a very short time, then it may be possible that … a short time will determine that point.”11  Believing that Bennett had tried to murder him, General Smith said, “Let John C Bennett answer at the day of judgment, ‘Why did you request me to command one of the cohorts, and also to take my position without my staff, during the sham battle, in the 7th day of May, 1842, where my life might have been the forfeit, and no man have known who did the deed?”’12, Whether Smith’s dark premonitions were correct is debatable. As he reviewed the soldiers, “the governor, General J. J. Hardin and staff” looked on. It was there Smith was killed by a mob. A carronade, a ship cannon, was purchased by the legion in Nauvoo. Among these was the authority to create a "body of independent militarymen". 6 of their group built the mill at Coloma, where gold was discovered. He took command of the soldiers and ordered them into formation. Soon thereafter, the Nauvoo charter was revoked, and the Nauvoo Legion lost its official sanction as an arm of the Illinois militia.[1]. NauvooLegionpaint.gif 576 × 378; 136 KB. Voter-conscious Illinois Democrats and Whigs (including Abraham Lincoln) passed a bipartisan city-state charter for Nauvoo in 1840. The waving Legion flags,4 the state flag of Illinois, and the famed red, white, and blue of the United States produced the desired effect – patriotic pride. Indeed, the legion became so popular that many non-Mormons joined the ranks. From June 27 to July 7, 1844, Legionnaires daily drilled, exercised, and paraded as if their very lives and that of their loved ones depended upon their military skills. None of the colorful banners garnered the surprise element as did the flag carried by the Legion Band. 12, April 15, 1841. Tom Simpson photo . In the 1849 conflicts with Native Americans in Utah County, such as the attack at Battle Creek, Utah and Battle at Fort Utah, foreshadowed the 1853–1854 Walker War between the Nauvoo Legion and Indians led by Chief Walkara ("Walker"). Many of them took time to pan for gold and they were quite successful. The sham battle that followed had the trappings of a great contest. Beschreibung Nauvoo Legion Cavalry Guidon (Probable).svg English: An illustration based on a swallowtail flag owned by the Museum of Church History and Art, now known as the Church History Museum. People carried flags that represented the countries that they came from. But of the, Smith penned, “Highly delighted.”15, It was not until June 18, 1844, that General Smith moved from the sidelines to once again take command of a large parade and “with my staff rode in front of the Legion, marched up Main Street, and returned to our former parade ground.”  This was the last parade Joseph Smith would lead. With his permission, two units of the reorganized Nauvoo Legion were gainfully employed by the United States to protect western mail and telegraph lines from Indian attacks in what is today Utah and Wyoming, but saw no action. Then came the 2nd cohort (foot troops). It, however, was not as cooperative in imposing the colonial regime as federal authorities would have liked. At the Legion parade, Brigham Young wore the uniform of the late Lieutenant General Joseph Smith. My marching picked up. “General Bennett next requested me to take my station in the rear of the cavalry, without my staff, during the engagement; but this was counteracted by Captain A. P. Rockwood, commander of my life guards, who kept close to my side,” wrote Smith. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; texts. authorized permission to impose martial law from the Governor of Illinois. As Legionnaires obeyed, conspicuously missing at their minor events was the commander-in-chief and his military staff. The Nauvoo Legion survived the loss of its commanding officer, Joseph Smith, when Brigham Young automatically assumed command as the new church president in August 1844, though he had never previously been active in Legion activities because Young was in England on a proselytizing mission for several years and only returned home to Nauvoo when hearing of the prophet's death to assist the family and church and citizens of Nauvoo during that sad tragedy (citation needed). Hoping to keep their fears at bay, General Smith ordered all pomp, ceremony, and sham battles replaced with small company drills, company inspections, and company parades. The Legion tended to be very top-heavy, in that there was a disproportionate number of high-ranking officers to regular soldiers. The Nauvoo Legion was permanently disbanded in 1887. When the Mormons established their theocratic city of Nauvoo on the banks of the Mississippi in 1839, they made self-defense a priority, having encountered persecution, violence, and forcible expulsion elsewhere. Records for the weapons issued to the other companies are missing. On December 16 the governor signed it into law, granting Smith and the city of Nauvoo broad powers. General Smith announced that Sidney Rigdon, a member of the First Presidency of the Church, would speak to the assembled audience. Times and Seasons, 1839-1846 [Nauvoo, Illinois] 2, no. The Mormon Battalion Flag might be one of the oldest "California" Bear flags in existence. He recalled crimes perpetrated against Latter-day Saints in Missouri and assured all present that in enduring “those scenes of tribulation, his confidence, his courage and his joy had been increasing instead of diminishing.”  He cautioned exuberant Legionnaires “not to usurp authority, but to obey as they are commanded and directed; to honor, not the world, but Him that is alive and regins.”5, Then, on cue, architects laid a cornerstone of the temple in its proper place. history of the nauvoo legion as it existed in utah but little material in that work pertains directly to this study it is hoped therefore that this thesis will be a worthwhile contribution to ones increased understanding and appreciation of a memorable institution in the mormon past the nauvoo legion 2 aval1 labie ng appa Arestlyreutly ln i COU-AC sl a histonical. There are however some reported incidents in diaries of Saints concerning gunfire exchange between legion members and mobs during the Nauvoo era (citation needed). Federal troops dispatched in response to the 1870 Ghost Dance ensured Shaffer's order was enforced. Ibid, 4:502; Times and Seasons, February 15, 1842. GeneralJosephSmithAddress-JohnHafen.jpg 338 × 410; 63 KB. Joseph Smith himself was Nauvoo's second mayor, and the Nauvoo court martial also appointed him as highest-ranking officer of the Legion, a Lieutenant General. In 1844, after a controversy where the As the band played, flags topped with brass-colored eagles were held aloft. Where an answer to prayer began ! Although the charter authorizing the Nauvoo Legion created an independent militia, it could be used at the disposal of the state governor or the President of the United States as well as for the mayor of Nauvoo. Whether on parade or the battlefield, soldiers of Nauvoo gave new meaning to a well-equipped and capable fighting militia. This rank is one step above Major General, which most contemporary militias employed as their commanding rank. Rather than employ the Legion to protect Nauvoo from increased mob violence, Young directed Nauvoo's tens of thousands of citizens to migrate peacefully to the western part of the continent which wasn't yet part of the United States and they founded the territory of Utah. At 3:00pm Legionnaires took their positions on the battlefield. Upwards of eleven thousand visitors stood near the parade grounds waiting for the military events to begin. When July mustering ended, many assumed that parading was over, but not so. Unfortunately, such meaning did not sit well with onlookers who wanted just pomp and ceremony, not military prowess. Behind them came missionaries and members carrying flags of many of the nations from which the pioneer residents of Nauvoo had come. Of these events, General Smith expressed, “[I have] never witnessed a more imposing spectacle than was presented on this occasion.”7, Pleased with the outcome of the first parade, Legion officers planned another for July 3, 1841. Nauvoo Legion lined up first- then flag carriers me. Sutter wrote a letter to the pioneer society in the 1870s where he said that his cannons, except for one Russian 4 pounder, which he donated to a museum in San Francisco, were all Spanish guns. [citation needed]. The provenance of the 2 pounder is currently unknown. Mark walked for 2 of his great grandfathers but also walked for Truman O. Angell who was part of the Nauvoo Legion and one of my relatives. Of that occasion, General Smith penned, “An elaborated dinner was got up in the grove, of which I partook, in company with the officers of the Legion.”8. The Illinois state legislature granted Nauvoo a liberal city charter that gave the Nauvoo Legion extraordinary independence even though it was still a component of the Illinois State Militia and under the ultimate authority of the Governor of Illinois. Also, the Harper's Ferry Model 1803 Rifle was issued in smaller quantities. Feeling confident in his military prowess and that of the legionnaires, General Smith invited state and local leaders to attend the May 7, 1842, parade. Supposedly, this was to elevate the social status and official standing of some members of the city. General Joseph Smith : Posted by Bedard Fine Arts at 10:42 AM No comments: Sunday, January 25, 2015. CHL. Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 7 vols. Young, Brigham, and Everett L. Cooley. The Nauvoo Legion was called up again in the Utah War against Federal troops entering Utah in the "Utah Expedition" from 1857–1858. The Legion’s main purpose, according to JS, was to protect the city from mobs and enforce city ordinances and state laws. Shop high-quality unique Nauvoo T-Shirts designed and sold by artists. He urged Legion members to not take any action when the Illinois governor ordered the arrests of the Smith brothers, for violating state statutes and by not receiving General Smith led the military procession. This was the first Nauvoo Legion review and parade. Although its size, 5’x4′ was pretentious if not ostentatious, it was not size that caused the applauding crowd of eight thousand to pause. It began at precisely 7:30am when artillery fire announced the arrival at the parade grounds of Brigadier Generals Wilson Law and Don Carlos Smith and their respective cohorts. The 4 pound Spanish bronze is in the Mormon Battalion Visitor Center in San Diego, Calif. Among those who accepted was Judge Stephen A. Douglas and thousands of other visitors streamed in Nauvoo before sunup on May 7, in wagons, carriages, skiffs, riverboats, and steamers. Revised laws of the Nauvoo Legion, from the constitution of the United States. Utah (/ ˈ juː t ɑː / YOO-tah, / ˈ juː t ɔː / YOO-taw) is a state in the Western United States.It is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south and Nevada to the west. Voter-conscious Illinois Democrats and Whigs (including Abraham Lincoln) passed a bipartisan city-state charter for Nauvoo in 1840. Five 1803 Harpers Ferry rifles were issued to the hunters of company A. When they resumed their journey home, they bought two cannons from Sutter, a four pounder and a six pounder. Nine days later, on June 27, he was murdered in Carthage, Illinois. Likely a cavalry guidon of the Utah era version of the Nauvoo Legion. On July 4, 1837, "The 26-Star Flag" became the official flag of the United States. In 1894, the former Utah Territorial Militia was reactivated and officially designated the Utah National Guard. 1. Twenty Mormon militiamen and many Native Americans died in the Walker War. The Nauvoo Legion was a state-authorized militia of the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, United States. It was the signal eye, symbolic of the all-seeing eye of God that led onlookers to wonder aloud about the direction and purpose of the militia on parade. The final use of the Legion was in Utah's Black Hawk War 1865–1872 when over 2,500 troops were dispatched against Indians led by Antonga Black Hawk. Hartvigsen thinks it is even possible that the flag may have even been used earlier during the Missouri persecutions. When the Mormon Battalion was enlisted in July, 1846, about 450 Model 1816 muskets were issued to the infantry. On September 27, 1844, a visitor to Nauvoo, Thomas Ford, governor of Illinois, was handed the following invitation: “Sir:  The review of the Nauvoo Legion will take place this day (September 28) at twelve p.m., at which time the commander-in-chief, with his staff, is respectfully solicited to accept an escort from the Legion and be present at the review.”17  The surprised governor accepted. In the last month of his life, June 1844, Joseph Smith declared martial law in Nauvoo in response to various civil disturbances and initially deployed the Nauvoo Legion to defend the city, only to restrain the Legion from any action later. Distinguished guests stood between the soldiers. by authority by Nauvoo Legion (Ill.) . The History of the Church records, “The Legion paraded at the Masonic Hall field one day … then moved for drillings to ‘the ground near Spencer’s northeast of the Temple”‘ the next.16. The original Nauvoo Legion may have used the flag. The Legion was followed by flag bearers from different countries of those that migrated here to join the church. At its peak, the militia had, by conservative estimates, at least 2,500 troops, in comparison to the approximately 8,500 troops within the entire United States Army as of 1845. The one exception was Lieutenant General Smith, who declined to be an active participant in the battle. I was worried about walking all that way. See Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 50, no. It was also under the auspices of the militia that the groups of men were organized who were instructed to burn down Salt Lake City and other parts of northern Utah should the invading army try to take up residence. Neither the Legion nor any other Mormon troops participated in the main theaters of the war, and the Legion's involvement ended in 1862, after Congress had passed the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act.[5]. We were encouraged to wear costumes. The final amen marked the close of the day’s events. It is not known if it was used in Nauvoo, Illinois or in the later Nauvoo Legion Utah period. MS 3430, fd. 4 (Winter 11957): 398. With growing antagonism from surrounding settlements it came to have as its main function the defense of Nauvoo, and surrounding Latter Day Saint areas of settlement. Following these flag bearers came other people walking—many families—and some participants riding in horse-drawn buggies and wagons. Among these was the authority to create a "body of independent militarymen". In their wake marched military musicians under the apt baton of Captain Edward P. Duzette. Graphic Arts Collection. These were thought at that time to have come from Sutter's purchase of the Russian Fort Ross and to have been either Russian or French cannons. After General Smith inspected the military formation, nodding his approval, he ordered the Legionnaires to advance to the temple grounds. The Nauvoo Legion never gathered again, and the 1887 Edmunds-Tucker Act permanently disbanded it. Albumen silver print of a lithograph. Curious guests lingered near the temple grounds hoping that artillery fire, sword exercises, and a sham battle would follow. [citation needed]. In 1870 the Utah Territorial governor, J. Wilson Shaffer forced the Legion inactive unless he ordered otherwise. The veterans who fired the salute were under the command of Captain George Tall. Four Presidents served under its banner - Martin Van Buren (1837-1841), William Henry Harrison (1841), John Tyler (1841-1845), and James Polk (1845-1849). A 6-pound iron cannon, probably the other battalion cannon and a smaller, but similar, 2 pound cannon were in the warehouse. Bishop J. H. Hale, 88-91, as cited in Glen M. Leonard, Nauvoo: A Place of Peace, a People of Promise (Salt Lake City; Deseret Book Company, 2002), 118. By noon, the military entourage had reached the temple grounds in Nauvoo. It was carried to Salt Lake by the early party that occasionally used it as a speakers podium. Tanner Trust Fund, University of Utah Library, 1980 found online at: Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://collections.lib.utah.edu/details?id=328944, http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/BYUIBooks/id/3168, "Uniforms and Equipment of the Black Hawk War and the Mormon War", "Nauvoo Legion, 1840–1845 — A Unique Military Organization", "Series 2210: Territorial Militia Records, 1849–1877, 1905–[ca.1917]", List of Reorganized Restorationist churches, Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite) history, Doctrine and Covenants (Book of Commandments), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nauvoo_Legion&oldid=1000193416, History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Military units and formations established in 1840, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Utah, Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Protect Mormon settlers from domestic and foreign enemies, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 01:45. Nauvoo was officially abandoned and the last remaining citizens had vacated Nauvoo by September 17, 1846, under gunfire and cannon artillery barrage as Illinois and Missouri militia and mobs raided and burned Nauvoo to the ground (citation needed). Those representing the Nauvoo Legion led the parade and did the flag raising. Young led the Latter-day Saints to what later became the Territory of Utah. NauvooLegion.jpg 470 × 364; 73 KB. However, on June 27, 1844, the Carthage Greys were vastly outnumbered by the mob surrounding the jail, and did not intervene in the ensuing assassination. The difference in the gathering was the “spit and polished” look of the armaments they carried. And, faithfully, sustain us, in peace upon her land. After this conflict, the Federal government appointed Utah's territorial governor, and the Nauvoo Legion was allowed to exist at the command of the governor. NAUVOO, Ill. — LDS Church members and friends marched in a procession down the Parley Street "Trail of Hope" on Feb. 4 to commemorate the pioneer exodus from Nauvoo in 1846. Before the exercises in the dancing pavilion and at intervals during the addresses of the speakers, veterans of the Nauvoo Legion made “Old Sow,” the cannon which figures prominently in the history of the legion, “snort.” Fifteen shots were fired in honor of the nation’s flag. In 1839, Joseph Smith relocated his followers from a hostile environment in Missouri to Commerce, Illinois, which he renamed Nauvoo. In 2001 three Spanish guns were identified in the LDS Church storage facility in Salt Lake City. Previously, from May to June 1834 Joseph Smith led an expedition of Latter Day Saints, known as Zion's Camp from Kirtland, Ohio to Clay County, Missouri in an attempt to regain land from which the Saints had been expelled by non-Mormon settlers. At its peak, it is said to have numbered 5,000 men, the largest such body in Illinois. And also legion members participated in the rescue of Joseph from the state Militia who had unlawfully arrested him after luring him to what was supposed to be a peaceful political debate and were going to hang him (citation needed). On that date, soldiers again gathered at an early hour at the parade grounds. April 6, [Tuesday] 1841 – At an early hour the several companies comprising the “Nauvoo Legion,” with two volunteer companies for Iowa Territory, making sixteen companies in all, assembled at their several places of rendezvous, and were conducted in due order to the ground assigned for general review.1. This caused them to be lost after the deaths of the battalion members, because the source of the cannons was not written. They were led by a flag bearer and drummer boy followed by a contingent dressed as the Nauvoo Legion. Interesting is an alternative, historical scenario: The Indian tribes end their antagonisms and annihilate the US Army, led by President Rutherford Hayes, on 30 May 1876. After the revocation of the Nauvoo Charter, the members of the Nauvoo Legion continued to operate under the command of Brigham Young, leader of the movement's largest faction, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Led by Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement and a mayor of Nauvoo, the Legion quickly became a formidable concentration of military power. There Legion officers with their staffs formed an inner square while the infantry and cavalry formed an outer square. Depleted of its official status, remnants assumed roles such as guardians of the handcart and wagon companies heading west after being reorganized by Hosea Stout on September 22, 1846, as they amassed on the other side of the Mississippi River in the territory of Iowa where the citizens of Nauvoo were safe from attack by mobs and Illinois and Missouri militia, and waited for winter to end so they could migrate (citation needed). All three Spanish cannons, which were brought to Salt Lake City on pallets, were mounted on carriages copied from the mountain howitzer carriage, probably in preparation for the Mormon defense against Johnston's army in 1857. They’ll find that she doth sanction, all that we, And, especially she’ll strengthen the “Legion of. This military force was a militia similar to the Illinois State Militia, and it became known as the "Nauvoo Legion". These "valley counties" initially encompassed only a small portion of the area of Deseret and were expanded as settlement grew. Nauvoo newspaper was burned to the ground on Joseph Smith's orders, due to the publication of articles critical of Smith and his church's policies; Joseph Smith was ordered to the Carthage Jail under charges of Treason. Four Presidents served under its banner - Martin Van Buren (1837-1841), William Henry Harrison (1841), John Tyler (1841-1845), and James Polk (1845-1849). At this point Daniel H. Wells was the chief military commander of the militia. In Utah, the Deseret Militia and Utah Territorial Militia used the official name of the Nauvoo Legion. After the men were released from service in 1847, they headed for home, many stopping for temporary employment at Sutter's Fort. In 1839, Joseph Smith relocated his followers—the Mormons—from a hostile environment in Missouri to Commerce, Illinois which he renamed Nauvoo. Most participants wore pioneer clothing and walked the one-mile route; others rode in horse-drawn wagons. It was a miracle. Flag this item for. Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum surrendered at the Carthage, Illinois jail, with the promise of protection from Governor Thomas Ford and the Carthage Greys, the local state militia in Hancock County. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Mormon Battalion (United States Army) (1846–1847), Mormon Battalion – five companies (534–559), Utah Territorial Military Commander Robert T. Burton, Utah Territorial Governor Stephen S. Harding. The Legion flag of the 1850s had thirteen stars and stripes, symbolic of the United States flag. We became the last row of d flags in a hurry. Major General Bennett, Brigadiers Law and Smith, the aides-de-camp, and invited guests followed close behind. General Smith pronounced a benediction on the stone:  “This principal corner stone in representation of the First Presidency, is now duly laid in honor of the Great God.”  Rigdon added, “May the persons employed in the erection of this house be preserved from all harm while engaged in its construction.”6  The assembled were then invited to adjourn for an hour as Legion officers scurried to make ready the afternoon events. To them, the Legion of Nauvoo had become a militia force to be feared. Smith family tradition, however, only pushes it back as far as the Nauvoo Temple -- flying over the City of Joseph.--- The 2nd Cavalry Regiment, also known as the 2nd Dragoons, is an active Stryker infantry and cavalry regiment of the United States Army.The Second Cavalry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army Europe, with its garrison at the Rose Barracks in Vilseck, Germany.It can trace its lineage back to the early part of the 19th century. [citation needed]. Local commanders and members of the Iron County, Utah Territorial Militia, overcome with suspicion and war hysteria, perpetrated the Mountain Meadows Massacre against a group of wagon trains travelling from Arkansas to California in September. Only the entrance of the 1st cohort (horse troops) turned their gaze. Few Legionnaires at this, their last parade, walked with heads held high and even fewer recalled the boastful days when Hosea Stout’s poem of greatness applied: They’ll find that Illinois firm in her place will stand. At this Independence Day celebration, Joseph Smith spoke of patriotism and revealed, “I would ask no greater boon, than to lay down my life for my country.”  After his speech, ranking officers adjourned to the temple site, where a sumptuous feast was served for their enjoyment. Twenty or so men including Mark were the Nauvoo Legion and marched with guns and ammo sacks (all pretend) at the head of the crowd. An exact description of the Nauvoo Legion flag (1841-1845) is not available. General Smith took special notice of the imposing display of spears, lances, and bayonets. This legion was called upon in 1849 to subdue marauding Indians, and its members served in the so-called Walker War of 1853-1854, named after Wakara, a Ute chieftain. Available in a range of colours and styles for men, women, and everyone. Nauvoo Legion. Men portraying the Nauvoo Legion fell into line, and behind them flag bearers carried flags from the home countries of those who settled in Nauvoo. At 9:30am cannon blasts signaled the arrival of, or as the Times and Seasons reported “gave an appropriate salute” to, Lieutenant General Joseph Smith, commander-in-chief.2  A silk flag – “The 26-Star Flag”3 was presented to General Smith by a delegation of ladies. The alleged Nauvoo Legion Flag. Participants ranged in age … The parade was led by missionaries carrying flags and wearing uniforms that represented the Nauvoo Legion. The is a copy of it in front of the center. An Afghan National Army soldier listens while a member of the U.S. Army Marksmanship Unit gives instructions during the Basic Rifle Marksmanship Instructor Course at Kabul Military Training Center, Afghanistan, Nov. 6, 2010. "Legion of Nauvoo, " Journal History of the Church, Copyright ©2021 The Joseph Smith Jr and Emma Hale Smith Historical Society, © Joseph Smith Jr and Emma Hale Smith Historical Society 2021, Short Biographies of Joseph, Emma, and their family, Emma Smith, My Story Removes False Traditions, 10 Things You Most Likely Didn't Know About Emma Smith - Called to Share, Children of Joseph Smith and Emma Smith History. The iron Spanish 2 and 6 pound cannons remain in storage in Salt Lake City. Nauvoo Legion Minute Book, 1843–1844. Legionnaires made a credible and soldier-like appearance with but on notable flaw. Nauvoo Legion Cavalry Guidon (Probable).svg 530 × 279; 21 KB. In 1838 the Missouri militia had contemplated a court-martial against Smith, an action that might have been illegal had it been carried out, as Smith was only a civilian at that time. Of a company parade held on September 10, 1842, General Smith wrote, “this was the day for the training of the companies of the Nauvoo Legion; and lest I should be observed … I kept very still.”14 Without Joseph Smith reviewing the troops in his splendid military regalia, small parades attracted little attention. It arrived in Salt Lake in 1852. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1980), 4:326-27. One motive for the higher rank was to prevent Smith from being tried in a court-martial by officers of lesser rank. At 10:00am Major General Bennett made a grand entrance to his brightly colored uniform with plumb atop a chapeau. 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Ended, many stopping for temporary employment at Sutter 's Fort Sister Ritchie said was. 1816 musket, an 1841 12-pound mountain howitzer was issued in smaller quantities pan for gold and they quite! Did the flag raising to bless me and the medical van, ” Young his! Deseret and were expanded as settlement grew entrance of the Church History Museum in Salt City. Walked the one-mile route ; others rode in horse-drawn wagons military commander of the cohort. Become a militia, based on the battlefield, soldiers of Nauvoo gave New meaning a... Approach to Brigham Young wore the uniform of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day,... Gathered again, and everyone militias employed as their commanding rank the 1870 Ghost Dance ensured Shaffer order... The United States final amen marked the close of the colorful banners garnered surprise... From Smith ’ s ornate sword to his favorite horse, “ Jo,. Edward P. Duzette barely keep up and was falling behind Legion parade, Young... Or in the Fort Douglas Museum in Salt Lake by the Mormon Battalion was enlisted in,! Sutter 's Fort × 279 ; 21 KB his brightly colored uniform plumb.

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