number of essential workers by state

All states with available guidance have deemed occupations within the retail sector essential. SD 2922 (pending) would allow school districts to honor existing vendor contracts pertaining to school transportation, food services and other contracts deemed essential by the superintendent of schools. And, in Wisconsin, the governor recently proposed to set aside $100 million to offset costs associated with temporarily shutting down the construction industry. Under the state’s 1B criteria, this includes individuals who are 75 years of age or older, some essential workers such as teachers, emergency services workers and … They include retail customer support service and information technology support staff necessary for online orders, pickup and delivery. Additionally, the BLS projected in 2018 that many of the critical trades requiring some form of formal apprenticeship training would be growing faster to much faster than average. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, prioritizing frontline and essential workers. The governor proposed to borrow $100 million for expenses related to increased capital costs due to interruptions of work in the event construction was temporarily suspended during the pandemic. DES MOINES, Iowa– According to Commercial Cafe 46% or employees work at essential businesses in Des Moines. At least two states are offering financial assistance to pay for child care for essential workers. *as of May 2020, state is no longer designating businesses as essential. In response, some states are taking extra steps to help food service workers who may have lost their jobs and those who have been able to continue to work. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) provides recommendations for who will receive the COVID-19 vaccine while there are limited doses, taking into consideration the vaccine’s physical effect on different age groups, ethnicities and people with underlying medical conditions. While demand is expected to increase for agricultural products over the next decade, employment demand may be limited by continued automation in the sector. Given the specialized knowledge required to perform these functions, contagion within this subgroup of the workforce poses serious threats to reliability. The remaining 23 states (including Washington, DC) who have issued essential worker orders have developed their own lists of who needs to be continuing to work under stay-at-home orders. Nonprofits and social service organizations. Most states ended up requiring restaurants to close in-person dining for a period of time, resulting in many food service workers losing their jobs even if restaurants stayed open for takeout-only service. AB 10303 (pending) would extend the period in which paratransit fees are suspended through Aug. 31, 2020. The bill also would require a monthly report to the governor and legislature that details expenditures, effective June 1, 2020. Tel: 303-364-7700 | Fax: 303-364-7800, 444 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 515 The bills primarily focused on pandemic response and relief efforts, essential workers and allocating resources. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, states have engaged in a delicate balancing act of opening their economies while simultaneously protecting public health since the first phase of stay-ay-home orders last spring. Under Governor Ige’s emergency proclamation, all travelers entering the State of Hawaiʻi must self-quarantine for 10 days, unless they obtain an exemption. Critical infrastructure is a large, umbrella term encompassing sectors from energy to defense to agriculture. Energy can be split broadly into three subsectors: electricity, natural gas and petroleum—all three of which fuel the nation’s transportation and manufacturing, and power everything from health care and government institutions to individual homes and businesses. According to BLS data, most critical trades were projected to see huge growth in the next decade, adding 7.5 million jobs across the different subsectors. SB 7508 (enacted) provided the state’s fiscal year 2021 budget and included provisions allowing the state to borrow up to $10 billion to provide the spending flexibility required for the programs and capital plan. SB 8176 (pending) would authorize the state Thruway Authority to eliminate all tolls for trucks and delivery vehicles transporting essential supplies, including medicine, medical supplies, cleaning products, food, beverages and construction equipment. An accompanying spreadsheet provides state-level versions of Table 1. In December ACIP recommended prioritizing residents in long term care facilities and health care personnel to receive the initial COVID-19 vaccines and proposed guidance on prioritizing frontline and essential workers. The economy is heavily reliant on trade and travel occurring throughout the nation. Legislation considered in Pennsylvania has sought to add to the governor’s powers during a pandemic. Since the majority of retail occupations cannot be done remotely, many essential retail employees have continued carrying out their work in person. X� ���\������hM����> (XZ This website uses cookies to analyze traffic and for other purposes. One commonality between the state plans is that health care workers, long-term care residents, and teachers and childcare workers are among the first to be prioritized in vaccine distribution. For many workers, local and state “stay-in-place” warnings are of concern to workers. grocery stores, hardware stores, mechanics). The essential essentials. Such vendors would also be required to maintain the same number of employees they employed before the pandemic. Non-essential workers, such as clothing store clerks and bartenders, won’t get that access. For the 20 states deferring to CISA’s guidelines, a wide range of trades are considered essential, Including those supporting the construction, maintenance or rehabilitation of several sectors, from energy to public works and infrastructure to communications. SF 4450 (failed) would have urged the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. While salespersons, cashiers, stock clerks and first-line supervisors in brick-and-mortar stores are primary examples of retail workers, those involved in the facilitation and execution of e-commerce, such as delivery drivers and warehouse packers, are a growing segment of the sector’s workforce. Every single day, crisis or no crisis, these are the essential workers in our city, our economy, and our society. From keeping grocery store shelves stocked to delivering consumer goods, many occupations within retail are deemed essential due to the role they play in maintaining everything from food to personal security. In 2015, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released a “Transportation Systems Sector-Specific Plan.” This report details how the risk management framework is implemented given the unique characteristics and risk landscape of the transportation sector. For example: A search of legislation addressing transportation and COVID-19 revealed that at least six states—Hawaii, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania—and Puerto Rico have introduced 19 pieces of legislation. While many workers have been relegated to their homes for now, plumbers, electricians, HVAC technicians and contractors have been working to keep their office buildings operating. An accompanying spreadsheet provides state-level versions of Table 1. Critical retail (i.e. Colorado and at least six other states deemed medical and/or recreational cannabis dispensaries essential. HB 2400 (pending) would direct the secretary of Community and Economic Development to issue a waiver to the governor’s COVID-19 order to all public and private construction activities if social distancing and other mitigation measures by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are followed. The fuel must be replaced every 18 to 24 months, and typically is scheduled in the spring or fall when electricity demand is the lowest. Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. The guidance outlines the following retail workers, among others, as essential: The critical trades sector is composed of professionals trained in any number of key services that are critical to keeping homes, offices and other buildings operating. During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. critical worker shortages in the skilled trades. The personnel comprising this sector come from public, private and industry organizations. Food service workers have been some of the most visibly impacted by state stay-at-home orders as restaurants have been forced to close or adapt to takeout-only service. What that means, in particular, is that the transportation sector is designed to support the safe and efficient movement of people, goods and products for business and pleasure. This is especially evident in the current public health crisis as states are depending on child care providers to continue to operate to provide care for the children of essential workers, even as they have almost uniformly closed K-12 schools. 1958 0 obj <>stream Some states have also designated child care providers as “essential workers” so they are eligible for any supports or services offered by the state and are able to continue working to ensure essential workers in other critical industries can also work and meet the health and safety needs during the crisis. “Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. Between the federal guidelines and state essential worker orders, a number of major sectors overlap including, but not limited to: Energy. HB 1788 (pending) would allow a vehicle operating on behalf of a perishable medical supply dealer who is hauling supplies to or from a manufacturing plant to operate on highways 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Some of these workers are operating on the front lines, with gas and electric utility workers, in particular, being required to enter homes and businesses that could expose workers to the virus. Finally, at nuclear plants across the country, workers are completing refueling outages, where the reactors are shut down for two to four weeks while new fuel is put into the reactor. Simultaneously, BLS data projects the demand for food and beverage service-related workers to grow much faster than average. 7700 East First Place Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. They worry they will be stopped by police officers en route to work and be sent home. New York City’s Frontline Workers Frontline workers have always been the lifeblood of our city. Table 1 shows the number of workers in six groups of frontline industries and the characteristics of the workforce in each of these industry groups. Essential workers are required, to the extent possible, to avoid extended periods in public, contact with strangers, and large congregate settings. The retail workforce consists primarily of full-time employees (roughly two-thirds of the labor force) who work for companies with more than 1,000 employees. %PDF-1.5 %���� The agriculture and food service sectors encompass a wide range of activities, including animal and crop production, manufacturing of food products, support services such as testing and inspections, and restaurants and retail sales. “If a high proportion of essential workers decline to get the vaccine, states will have to quickly move onto the next group anyway,” said Dr. Prosser, the University of Michigan health analyst. For example, in some states workers supporting religious organizations and churches are considered essential, while in some others workers who support the cannabis industry receive the essential designation. For agriculture and food production workers who have continued to work during the pandemic, health has been a top concern as facilities figure out how to adapt processes to protect workers. The essential workers include a broad segment of workers who sell, produce, and distribute food and other essential products. That list includes those who work in: –Healthcare and Public Health –Law Enforcement, First Responders, Public Safety […] The agency says, “promoting the ability of [critical workers] to continue to work during periods of community restriction, access management, social distancing or closure orders is crucial to community resilience and the continuity of essential functions.”. In accordance with this Proclamation, the Governor has designated the following list of“Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. Similar to the share of all workers, 37% of Kentucky’s essential workers have a child in the home, and 13% have a person over age 65 in the home, meaning many are juggling paid work with unpaid caregiving under unprecedented conditions. Table 2 shows the demographics of essential workers by industry, including gender, education level, and race and ethnicity.. Women make up the majority of essential workers in health care (76%) and government and community-based services (73%). State Disability Insurance (SDI) provides short-term benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages due to a non-work-related illness, injury, or pregnancy. HB 1498 (pending) would exempt persons providing essential goods and services to hospitals. The statewide population of essential workers was then compared to the total number of workers in that state. Additionally, New York state data are used in this report by the Fiscal Policy Institute. Populations eligible for vaccination in Phase 1B (Priority) are: Adults age 75 and older; K-12 school … These include, but are not necessarily limited to, plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff, and security workers. Many states have classified these suppliers of essential businesses as “essential.” [DS1]. Similarly, Alabama simply refers to any workers in “construction or construction-related services,” as essential. Health and Public Health Sector 2. Here in Australia there is broad agreement supermarkets, service stations, … Sector Index: 1. Cashiers, who earn an average of $8.25 per hour, are predominantly women, whereas delivery drivers, who earn an average of $16.20, are predominantly men. More specifically, beginning on Oct. 1, 2021, every air traveler 18 years of age and older will need a REAL ID-compliant credential to fly within the United States. A grand total of about 1.5 million additional jobs in food and beverage service is expected by 2028. All workers who are part of the 2.1 million farms, 935,000 restaurants and more than 200,000 registered food manufacturing, processing and storage facilities are considered essential by the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). AB 10182 (pending) would extend the renewal of driver’s licenses, identification cards and inspections of motor vehicles for three months. According to the DHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this sector lends support to emergency managers, local governments, heads of transit authorities, federal law enforcement and local first responders, as well as long-haul truck drivers, maritime pilots, aviation and rail workers and rideshare and taxicab drivers. During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. refers to construction and skilled trades broadly, Transportation Systems Sector-Specific Plan, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, most pressing issues faced by COVID-19 first responders, Guidance on the Essential Critical Workforce, Impact of COVID-19 on Transportation Operations and Revenue. In some hard-hit areas, power system operators have taken the dramatic step of housing these workers on-site to further mitigate against exposure to the virus. From reports of significant supply chain issues forcing farmers to destroy crops and spill gallons of milk, demand for typical products farmers and production facilities would be sending to restaurants and schools is way down, while the demand for grocery-ready items has increased. Legislatures around the country reacted fast to discuss and help tackle some of the, NCSL staff examines how states, localities and the private sector are getting creative by using drones for pandemic response in a new. Note: Per federal guidance, quitting work without good cause to obtain unemployment benefits is fraud. For restaurant and food service workers, unlike many of the other critical sectors, the essential worker designation did not necessarily mean that these workers continued their jobs as normal. The CityTestSF sites will provide expanded … Several states have issued orders mandating that everyone aside from nonessential workers stay home ad most businesses shut down in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The retail industry is the second-largest employment sector in the United States, accounting for nearly 1 in 10 of all domestic workers. HB 4701 (pending) would appropriate $50 million to the “COVID-19 Regional Transport Authority Emergency Fund,” which would provide financial assistance to regional transportation authorities in high impact areas affected by COVID-19. In addition to the sector-specific operations, the energy sector relies heavily on its supply chain—businesses and manufacturers that produce everything from fuels to specialized equipment. Why this sector is considered “essential” and what the label means for workers. SB 75 (to governor) would appropriate $14 million to the state Department of Transportation for outbreak control, contact tracing and personal protective equipment. The National Academy for State Health Policy released a guide to how each state defines their phases and which essential workers are prioritized. Denver, CO 80230 HJR 638 (vetoed) would have directed the Department of Transportation and Public Works to take necessary measures to exempt toll collections during the pandemic. ACR 168 (pending) would urge the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. There is also a mandatory 10-day self-quarantine for all […] The bill also would require that certain drivers be provided with hand sanitizer, disposable sterile gloves, face masks and training on preventive measures. You consent to the use of cookies if you use this website. The average wage for early care and education professionals is less than $11 an hour, or just over $22,000 per year. While federal recommendations continue to evolve, states are tasked with developing their own distribution plans and identifying how the phased approach will include frontline and essential workers, as well as who falls under those categories. At least 19 states have adopted the DHS guidelines—either as a ceiling or a floor. Another 21 states and Washington, D.C., have developed their own definitions for essential workers. Emergency Services Sector 3. Resources & hotlines Create a profile and sign-up for COVID-19 alerts by text, email, or phone call in your preferred language. Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council: National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners: American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers: Workers supporting groceries, pharmacies, convenience stores and other retail (including unattended and vending) that sell human food, animal and pet food and pet supply, and beverage products. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency: American Public Transportation Association: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials: American Road and Transportation Builders Association: National Association of City Transportation Officials. Some examples of essential businesses and workers are obvious, like hospitals, pharmacies, police and firefighters. %%EOF Food service, eating and drinking establishments accounted for 6.4% of employment and food and beverage stores supported 1.6% of the workforce. For example, in some states workers supporting religious organizations and churches are considered essential, while in some others workers who support the cannabis industry receive the essential designation. Although many early care and education professionals have extensive experience (approximately 50% have at least 13 years in the field), they generally earn very low wages. LANSING, Mich. (WOOD) — Starting Tuesday at 12:01 a.m., Gov. In March, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued guidance on the essential critical infrastructure workforce, which at least 20 states have adopted outright. The states with the highest percentage of essential workers in their labor force include Washington, D.C. (74.93%), North Dakota (57.20%), Wyoming (53.46%), Indiana (51.80%), and Kentucky (51.26%). Plumbers, pipefitters and steamfitters, for example, were projected to have 14% employment growth from 2018 to 2028. Of the 43 states with essential worker orders or directives, 21 now defer to the federal definitions developed by the US. Their working conditions vary by setting and do not necessarily include benefits that are typically available to educators of older children, such as paid time for planning and professional development, retirement and health insurance. Some, however, may not be so obvious. Colorado, for example, refers to construction and skilled trades broadly, but only gives a few examples and relies heavily on “including but not limited to” language. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, COVID-19: Essential Workers in the States, Copyright 2021 by National Conference of State Legislatures. 1921 0 obj <> endobj Everything you need to know about COVID-19 in Massachusetts. 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