livelihood diversification index

higher likelihood of influencing the estimated livelihood diversification index positively. But, recently livelihoods are gradually diversifying away from … Surveys and key informant interviews (KII) were sources of data. The cause of this growth is complex and quite … Moreover, livelihood diversification within the context of a sustainable livelihood framework is perceived to be an effective policy strategy for the reversal of the persistent state of rural household deprivation (Devereux et al., 2003). Regarding this, livelihood diversification index was determined, which was achieved by dividing the number of livelihood diversification strategies used by the individual farmers by all the livelihood diversification strategies available in the study area. Nibedita … The agrarian space … With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. Since high values of the index implies highly valued livelihood diversification strategies, individuals aged 16–25 are 20% to 23% more likely to choose highly valued diversification strategies than those of age less than 16 years. Livelihoods Diversification and Agrarian Change . This is because livelihood diversification index and household income are jointly depended on similar household socioeconomic variables. The estimated Simpson Index showed that fishermen have diversified their livelihood activities at medium level. Posted On: 24 JAN 2019 12:55PM by PIB Delhi The pace of reduction of poverty in India has speeded up in recent years as per the Global Multi-dimensional Poverty Index 2018 as also the note published by the Brookings … Empirical findings of this study indicates that livelihood diversification is becoming the norm among rural households. This empirical study offers an insight into the … The results of the regression … 28: Dimensions of Diverse Rural Livelihoods . Some … Index. Livelihood diversification refers to attempts by individuals and households to find new and multiple ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risks (Sekumade & Osundare, 2014). DAY-NRLM - Reducing Poverty through Livelihood Diversification. Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. Even though livelihood diversification is an important means of survival strategy for the pastoral and agro-pastoral households in the study area, there are several constraints that determine the extent and magnitude of livelihood diversification. mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. The index of rural livelihood diversification is the composite indicator for labour force participation in agriculture and various non agricultural activities. Diversification of livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction. Das Commerce College, Assam, India. Berger-Parker Diversity Index (activity based) and the Simpson index to measure the level of livelihood diversification and the Ordinal Least Square (OLS) to examine key determinants of LD. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S j is the share of income from source j, Y j is the total income from … By applying a … 53: Poverty and Income Distribution . The result showed that 33.8, 40. 77: Agriculture and Farm Productivity . Contents. Since the total livelihood diversification strategies available is four, the index can be mathematically expressed as follows: Number of livelihood … Diversification status was measured by Simpson … Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. The results showed that age of the respondents, years of schooling, access to credit and savings had positive effect, while, mode of land ownership, distance from the nearest market and value of household’s assets had negative effects on livelihood diversification. It shows that there is a high involvement of women in diversification and that the contribution of diversification activities to cash incomes is particularly important for poorer households. Moreover, livelihood diversification index has been used previously as dependent variable in equation (2). In … Rupali Talukdar Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, K.C. Non-farm … The findings suggest … Diversification debates in the development literature have not sufficiently unpacked the context and issues for women. 139: Macro Policies and Reform Agendas . Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. Fishers’ livelihood diversification in Bhagirathi–Hooghly stretch of Ganga River in India Arun Pandit*, Anjana Ekka, B. K. Das, S. Samanta, Lokenath Chakraborty and Rohan K. Raman ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, Kolkata 700 120, India For the resource-poor fishers, livelihood diversifica- tion is a strategy to cope with the uncertainties and inadequateness of fisheries as a … Key words: Determinant factors, Livelihood diversification, Household incomes, Prosopis juliflora invasion, Simpson’s diversification index (SDI) Cite this article. Being older contributes positively to variations in the livelihood diversification index. Livelihood diversification has received much attention from researchers and policy makers in the past decades, with high hopes that promoting it can offer a pathway for poverty . The single most important activity is trading, while labouring for others is also important. measured using the Simpsons Index of Diversity (SID), and the income shares obtained by the households from their livelihoods was estimated using the mean of income shares approach. Currently, climate change and its impacts is a key issue in Ethiopia. Households continue to depend largely on agriculture-based livelihoods, which have not resolved the problem of poverty in the Northern region, particularly for women, who because of their gender have limited access to farming resources. The majority (65%) of households witnessed engaging in 2–3 livelihood sources. Crop and animal production were practised by almost all of the sample households. 3: A Framework for Livelihoods Analysis . Regional Sustainability, 2020, 1(1): 82 … The purpose of this study was to identify the livelihood strategies and diversification status in the western tip of Ethiopia, Lare woreda. Key Words: Livelihood diversification, simpson index, rural Bangladesh INTRODUCTION Bangladesh is an agrarian economy with 54% of its total population residing in rural areas and involved directly or indirectly in farming (World Bank, 2013). the effect of livelihood diversification index on the income of farm household. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. Equal weightage method of livelihood index formulation was adopted to study the changes in livelihood capitals over time between the treatment and the control group under study. But Simpson Index of diversification is widely used and accepted by the researchers for determination of livelihood diversification (Ahmed et al., 2018; Asravor, 2018; Addisu, 2017; Khatun … Some methods of the determination of livelihood diversification are Simpson Index, Ogive index, Entropy index, Composite entropy index, modified entropy index and Herfindahl index (Ahmed et al., 2018). A sizeable number of rural households in South Africa work two or more jobs to generate more income. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. We hypothesised that poorer households engage in numerous low-value activities to sustain livelihoods, while high-income households tend to specialise in few high-value strategies. Tag Archives: Livelihood Diversification Index. A mixed research method of sequential transformative strategy was used. LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION AS A STRATEGY OF LIVELIHOOD AMONG FARM HOUSEHOLDS: A STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BORDER VILLAGES OF UDALGURI DISTRICT Malabika Kalita Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Dimakuchi College, Assam, India. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. , concluding that different economic activities … There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. 24 Glory E. Edet and Nsikak-Abasi A. Etim: Factors Influencing Rural Livelihood Diversification: Implications for Poverty Reduction reduction and economic growth in sub- Saharan Africa (SSA) (World Bank, 2007; Loison, 2015) Many … They argue that deprivation within rural farm households is an endemic and growing problem throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Wakshum Shiferaw, Sebsebe Demissew, Tamrat Bekele, Ermias Aynekulu. 98: Environment and Sustainability . In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. A survey of 133 sample households, and four KIIs were employed. In spite of these, it is evident that … Multiple linear regression technique along with Simpson index, Herfindahl index and priority index have been used for the analysis. 4 This assertion is supported by the literature with Huber et al. This serves as a strategy to alleviate their poverty. This implies that an increase in the value of any of the variables will negatively influence the estimated livelihood diversification index. The study … Furthermore, fisheries and tourism are the most important sectors, and offer more opportunities to generate higher income for households. This research was therefore proposed with the aim of generating location specific data on livelihood strategies and its determinants in Borena district of southern Oromia, … The References. The Role of Community Based Watershed Management for Rural Livelihood in Wereda Adwa, Central Tigray Zone (Published) Article Author: Meaza Hadush. The distribution of households with … Adaptation to climate change is making a system suitable to moderate the impact of climate change or deal with the consequence or … Unsettled herder households (UHH), settled herder households (SHH) and farmer households (FH) are different household types in far northwestern China whose livelihood diversification has not been fully explored. The paper also shows the need for greater historical depth in the understanding of livelihood diversification. The income diversification index used in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al. Relationship between Prosopis juliflora invasion and livelihood diversification in the South Afar region, Northeast Ethiopia[J]. Based on a field survey in Darjeeling district of West Bengal, this paper intended to look at the degree of livelihood diversification and its impact on the … The age group of 55+ shows a 28% to 30% likelihood of choosing highly valued diversification … The purpose of this study is to analyse the options and determinants of livelihood diversification (LD) strategies adopted by farmers in the coastal region of Bangladesh. More than half of the households (53.4%) pursued three activities as a means of income and food. The search engines used to collect published and unpublished works were challenges of rural livelihood diversification in Ethiopia, determinants of rural livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia, rural livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia, and livelihood … 6 and 25.6% of the households were poor, less poor and better-off, respectively. However, the overall level of diversification, compared to potential available opportunities, was found to be low. Employing the data produced from household surveys, we developed a composite household well … Diversification status was measured by Simpson diversity index (SDI) using SPSS 20. Simple random sampling and multistage sampling have been used to select the sample … 160: Investigating … direct, Scopus, Pubmed, Index Copernicus, WorldCat and ScinceOpen were used to gather potentially relevant work for the topic. However, the coefficients of years of formal education (-0.1496), primary occupation (-0.5783), location (-1.8759), marital status (-1.9220) and income (-1.0609) were negative. Although there is a higher labour supply in the agricultural sector, but the households earn … The main reason for livelihood diversification could be positive or negative factors like improving existing livelihoods, as copping strategy for changing climatic conditions landlessness due to population pressure in the rural areas. According to the Ellis (2000a) livelihood diversification is a process by which rural households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and improvement in their … Agriculture has been the primary source of livelihoods of rural Bangladeshi since many years. 117: Gender and Rural Livelihoods . Agriculture as a sole livelihood activity in Sub-Saharan African countries in general and in Ethiopia in particular, is a failed activity due to the fact that agricultural sector in this region is highly … DAY-NRLM - Reducing Poverty through Livelihood Diversification. This paper has attempted to explore the nature and pattern of livelihood diversification in Darjeeling district of West Bengal. Livelihood diversification in South Africa has become the backbone for many of the households‟ in rural areas and it is perceived as a strategy to cope with the growing population and the rapidly increasing poverty rate. Livelihood diversification towards non-farm sector is associated with greater income opportunities and reduction in rural poverty. 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