original 12 apostles of jesus

Then it happened that as Jesus was reclining at the table in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and were dining with Jesus and His disciples; for there were many of them, and they were following Him. The Bible doesn’t tell us how most of the original 12 disciples died—although there is no evidence to suggest any were taken directly into Heaven. in Michelangelo's Last Judgment) as flayed and holding in his hand his own skin. Two disciples, Joseph, called Barabbas, and Matthias were selected, and lots were drawn, with the result in favor of Matthias, who thus became associated with the eleven Apostles. (John 1:40-42) It is thought that they became spiritual followers of Jesus at this time. Also known as Jude, Thaddeus, and Lebbaeus, Judas lived in obscurity as one of the Twelve. 7 months ago. After the Judas' betrayal of Jesus and death, Matthias, a long-time follower of Jesus but not one of the 12 apostles, was chosen to replace Judas. Allyson Holland is a lifestyle blogger. William Steuart McBirnie Ph.D. has written a wonderful book titled "The Search for the Twelve Apostles." Just before James, the son of Zebedeee, was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1-2), Jesus selected a man named Saul (later called Paul) to be his apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1-22). When he joined Jesus, he remained zealous, but with allegiance to Jesus rather than political revolution. The names of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ are listed in four places in the Bible (Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:12-19, Acts 1:13).For the most part, the names are the same with minor differences due to various uses of first … He was not a dominant person next to his outspoken brother. You can read of Judas's betrayal and death in Matthew 26-27 and Acts 1. According to the Bible, of all the twelve disciples of Jesus, it was Peter, James and John who were the closest to Jesus Christ. And I say to thee: That thou art Peter [Kipha, a rock], and upon this rock [Kipha] I will build my church [ekklesian], and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. St Thaddaeus was also known as "Judas the brother of James." After an intensive discipleship course and following his resurrection from the dead, the Lord fully commissioned the apostles (Matthew 28:16-2, Mark 16:15) to advance God's kingdom and carry the gospel message to the world.. We find the names of the 12 disciples in Matthew 10:2-4, … The Apostles of Jesus. 10. In addition, seventy (or seventy-two, depending on the source used) people are sent out in pairs to prepare the way for Jesus (Luke 10). Each of them were major leaders in the movement which became Christianity and helped spread the gospel throughout the world. The 12 apostles, also referred to as the 12 disciples or simply “the Twelve,” were Jesus Christ’s 12 closest followers. A disciple is one who is learning under the leadership of another person (his teacher). Just before James, the son of Zebedeee, was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1-2), Jesus selected a man named Saul (later called Paul) to be his apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1-22). The disciple Peter had his root name from “Petros” which interprets as “rock.” He used … Matthias was one of the seventy disciples of Jesus, and had been with Him from His baptism by John to the Ascension (Acts 1:21-22). The disciples, sometimes called apostles, of Jesus, came from a variety of backgrounds. Yet he remained in unbelief and went into a hopeless eternity.” Twelve Ordinary Men. Then came Peter (also called Simon or Simon Peter, verses 40 - 42), followed by Philip (verses 43 to 44) and then Nathanael (Bartholomew - verse 45). 5. Who was Melchizedek and Why was He so Important? He died a martyr’s death in Rome during the reign of Nero. When later Christ appeared at the Lake of Genesareth John was also the first of the seven disciples present who recognized his Master standing on the shore (John, xxi, 7). The 12 Apostles were the foundation of Jesus’ church and many of them wrote portions of the Bible. Twelve Apostles. The Apostles answered, "Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets." 7 months ago. Maybe this is why he is referred to as James the Less in Mark 15:40. Who Were the 12 Disciples (Apostles) & What We Know about Them The Limits of Satan in this World (Acts 12:1-3). He was intimately familiar with everything Jesus taught. There are many books out there on the subject of the apostles but it is difficult to tell where the author got his information.. 2:7). It is significant that he is never mentioned without some reference to his great betrayal. petros, petra; Aram. For his part in helping to carry out God's divine plan, Judas was paid thirty pieces of silver. As one of the Twelve, Andrew was admitted to the closest familiarity with Our Lord during His public life; he was present at the Last Supper; beheld the risen Lord; witnessed the Ascension; shared in the graces and gifts of the first Pentecost, and helped, amid threats and persecution, to establish the Faith in Palestine. He was an outspoken skeptic to the point of being known as a pessimist. The names appear in different orders in the other gospels. Here he is called the apostle “of our confession,” of our faith itself. (John 3:23) He wrote a large portion of the New Testament—The book of John, 1, 2, and 3 John, and the book of Revelation. She writes for The Mighty.com, Publishous.com, and PublishousNow.com. He was not from Galilee--that much is known. He obviously became a follower and stayed with Jesus for three years. She has been a guest author for Bible.org. Many of Jesus' disciples ended up traveling to spread the word of Jesus and to build churches in other areas. “Let us also go, that we may die with Him.” (John 11:16 NASB) Here we see the character quality of courage and loyalty to Christ, a quality not often attributed to Thomas. The Bible Story of Joseph Of the 12 Apostles appointed by Jesus, 10 of them died as martyrs.. Judas, the traitor, took his own life.But the last Apostle to die, John, met a very different fate.Living nearly to the very end of the 1st century, he died of natural causes – and it was because of an amazing miracle. Judas, on the other hand, stands as a warning about the evil potential of spiritual carelessness, squandered opportunity, sinful lusts, and hardness of the heart. Tags apostles, crucifixions, Gospel, Jesus, missionaries, missions ← Was the Great Commission given only to the eleven disciples? Initially He selected 12 to accompany Him, also known as apostles (Mark 3:14-19) and later appointed other seventy (Luke 10:1). Google worked with the Royal Academy of Arts … Jesus is an apostle of a higher sort. And then Thomas’ love for Jesus and his desire to see and touch before he believed and then his declaration, “My Lord and My God!” (John 20:28). After the Resurrection John with Peter was the first of the disciples to hasten to the grave and he was the first to believe that Christ had truly risen (John, xx, 2-10). The Gospel of Thomas focuses much more on Jesus as the hidden mystery, and even includes a “Confession” story much like the one in the Gospel of Mark (8:27) in which Jesus asks his disciples who they think he is: [13] “Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Compare me to something and tell me what I am like.’ The 12 Apostles were the foundation of Jesus’ church and many of them wrote portions of the Bible. His close proximity to Jesus taught him much about love. 3. The 12 disciples/apostles of Jesus were the foundation stones of His church, several even wrote portions of the Bible. Why would they ordain another apostle to fill in the place of a deceased one if they were not planning to keep having apostles, is the real question. Tradition says that after preaching on the west coast of Africa, Simon went to England where he ended up being crucified in 74 AD. And he got up and followed Him. We have compiled these articles to help you study those whom God chose to set before us as examples in His Word. But all apostles are disciples (that somewhat depends on how you define Paul the Apostle). The original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ have sacrificed and given so much of their lives in advocating Christ’s Gospel. They serve together as leaders in Re-Engage at Watermark Community Church, Dallas, Texas. That’s how it has always been in God’s economy. I chose you. After Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, he was replaced by Matthias (Acts 1:15-26). St.  James is also known as James the Lesser or James the Younger. The Best Way White Christians Can Respond to Racial Tensions, This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of, Copyright © 2021, Crosswalk.com. Most early tradition says that Judas, son of James, a few years after Pentecost, took the gospel north to Edessa. Only two persons (other than Jesus) were given that honor: Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (2 Kings 2:11). Christ purposely passed over the elite, aristocratic, and influential men of society and chose mostly the men from the dregs of society. It is related (Acts 1:15-26) that in the days following the Ascension, Peter proposed to the assembled brethren, who numbered one hundred and twenty, that they choose one to fill the place of the traitor Judas in the Apostolate. When summoned by Jesus, Matthew arose and followed Him and tendered Him a feast in his house, where tax-gatherers and sinners sat at table with Christ and His disciples. 3 replies on “The fate of the original 12 apostles?” Dan B. says: December 31, 2011 at 10:32 am. After Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, he was replaced by Matthias (Acts 1:15-26). Tradition says he was crucified in Sinai or possibly stoned to death in Jerusalem. → Guest post by Roger Thoman: 5 pitfalls of missions. Because of this Jesus nicknamed them the Sons of Thunder. Several were killed for their beliefs. rock) by Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Simon bar Jonah and Simon bar Jochanan (Aram.) Judas betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver. An early disciple of John the Baptist, Andrew, and John, the Son of Zebedee were present when John the Baptist said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!” (John 1:35) Andrew was the first to follow Jesus and his enthusiasm was evident as his desire to introduce his older brother to Jesus revealed what was already in his heart—a deep love for God. And it answers many of those questions. On account of this latter legend, he is often represented in art (e.g. Get to Know the 12 Apostles of Jesus. For one, Thaddeus is hardly mentioned in the Bible. Nevertheless, with Matthias replacing Judas (verse 26), Luke refers to them as a renewed group of 12 (Acts 6:2; see also 6:6; 4:33; 5:18, 29; 15:2; 16:4). Can Loved Ones in Heaven Look Down on You? Judas Iscariot was the Apostle who betrayed Jesus. James and John were both known for being men of intense passion and fervor. Except for a few details about his family, there is nothing more mentioned about him in Scripture. The Twelve Apostles (Early Disciples Of Jesus) Have you ever wondered what happened to the Twelve Apostles (the early disciples of Christ Jesus?) Peter and Andrew--Sons of John, were born in Bethsaida. The original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ have sacrificed and given so much of their lives in advocating Christ’s Gospel. You didn’t choose me. Who Were the 12 Disciples and What Should We Know about Them? Thaddeus, whose name is also spelled Thaddaeus, is somewhat of a mystery apostle. Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them? The Bible Story of Job, Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions. He was able to hire enough servants to help with his fishing business. Jesus spent three years training these men to be leaders. After his own arrest many years later he requested to be crucified with his head down. It relates the initial selection of the Twelve Apostles among the disciples of Jesus . Where are the tombs of Jesus' original 12 Apostles. He enjoyed every privilege Christ affords. “And you know the way where I am going. Hircanus the king had him killed with a spear. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. And when day came, He called His disciples to Him and chose twelve of them, whom He also named apostles. The genealogies of the original 12 disciples of Jesus were most important to the scholars of the day. Why would Jesus choose someone with this background? His mother’s name is Mary (Mark 15:40) and he has a brother named Joseph (Matthew 27:56). He called them personally to Him.These twelve are known as the apostles. Matthias was one of the seventy disciples of Jesus, and had been with Him from His baptism by John to the Ascension (Acts 1:21-22). John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life He did ask Jesus a question in John 14:22, “Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large?” Judas seemed overly concerned with this question. After the Jesus of Damascus visited Paul on a road outside Damascus, Paul rushed to Jerusalem to see the 12 Apostles … Andrew isn’t mentioned much in the Bible—and there’s even less information available about the circumstances of his death. All of the Apostles but Judas were beatified. However, the bible interpretation of disciple is beyond a mere learner; it extends to being an advocate of the instructor’s doctrines. They were Jews, uneducated commoners, and simple men of faith who gave up everything to be followers of Christ. Lazarus had died and the disciples feared for the life of Jesus and themselves if they were to go back to Bethany. John and Andrew were the initial two people called to be disciples by Christ (John 1:35 - 39). Matthew brought the gospel to Ethiopia and Egypt. Peter’s name is mentioned far more in the New Testament than any other of the disciples. Aside from the lists, he is mentioned only in John in the New Testament. Many Christian churches today base the authority of religious leaders on their supposed connections to the original apostles. Philip was stoned and crucified in Hierapolis, Phrygia. (Mark 14:33), James was the first disciple to be martyred (he was beheaded) and the only disciple to have their martyrdom recorded in Scripture. Matthew 10:1-5. Usually nicknamed “Doubting Thomas," Thomas was also called Didymus, meaning The Twin (although a twin brother or sister is never mentioned in the Bible.) “It is amazing that Jesus would select a man like Simon to be an apostle. In order for there to be other apostles, we would have to tear down the building again and add to the foundation. Judas served as the treasurer in Jesus' band, and John 12:4-6 identifies him as a thief and … (Luke 4:38) His wife was known to travel with him when he was on mission. Bible Summary. Although a Jew, we only know him by his Greek name, Philip. After the Judas' betrayal of Jesus and death, Matthias, a long-time follower of Jesus but not one of the 12 apostles, was chosen to replace Judas. Peter is well known for denying Christ three times after Christ was arrested. Many scholars identify him with Nathaniel. While we have learned about their Biblical stories or heard their names, most of us do not know the origin of their names, most with a Hebrew meaning. 6 Things You Didn’t Know About Paul from the Bible Do any denominations rank the apostles? 3. They were from rural areas, farmers, and fisherman. Learn about them, and how Apostles of today are testifying of Christ. → Guest post by Roger Thoman: 5 pitfalls of missions. She is passionate about God’s redemptive work in the lives of those who suffer with physical and emotional pain. So after a bit of researching, we came up […] May their lives and walks with God strengthen your faith and encourage your soul. The fiery enthusiasm he once had for Israel was now expressed in his devotion to Christ.” -Twelve Ordinary Men. James the Less: The Obscure Apostle of Christ. There is some speculation about what happened to Simon. Mt 10:5–42, Lk 9:1–6) to towns in Galilee. Additional Biblical evidence exists … (John 14:16), Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; and James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip and Bartholomew (Nathanael); Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus (James the Less), and Thaddaeus (Judas, son of James); Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him. 31 Powerful Quotes by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Amazing Children's Choir Sings 'I Can Only Imagine', A Prayer for Peace in Confusing Times - Your Daily Prayer - January 19, Courage for the Days Ahead - New Year Devotional - January 18, 6 Major Differences between Christianity and the American Dream, 10 Encouraging Bible Verses about Not Giving Up. All rights reserved. This article is part of our People from the Bible Series featuring the most well-known historical names and figures from Scripture. In all four lists the names of Peter and Andrew, James and John form the first group, a prominent and chosen group; especially Peter, James, and John. Do any denominations rank the apostles? Known as the “disciple Jesus loved,” he was also a part of the inner three. 9:5) His assignment was to bring the Gospel to the circumcised. “The next day He purposed to go into Galilee, and He found Philip. Very little is told us in the Sacred Text concerning the history of Judas Iscariot beyond the bare facts of his call to the Apostolate, his treachery, and his death. The original Twelve Apostles of Jesus in the New Testament of the Bible were Andrew, Bartholomew, James, James the lesser or younger, John, Matthew, Judas, Peter, Philip, Simon, Thomas and Thaddaeus. A heart for evangelism, he was anxious to tell Nathanael the One foretold by Moses and the prophets had been found. Jael in the Bible - 5 Powerful Lessons from Her Story, 4 Things You May Not Know About Abraham in the Bible, 5 Things to Know About Luke from the Bible, 20 Facts You May Not Know About Moses from the Bible, The Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith Lessons, 6 Things You Didn’t Know About Paul from the Bible, John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life, 3 Things You Didn’t Know About Mary (Mother of Jesus). Simon: called Peter (Grk. 3 replies on “The fate of the original 12 apostles?” Dan B. says: December 31, 2011 at 10:32 am. And hearing this, Jesus said to them, It is not those who are healthy that need a physician, but those who are sick; I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners. They were companions and had probably known each other for years. 3 Things You Didn’t Know About Mary (Mother of Jesus) (1 Cor. Almost nothing. The 12 apostles, also known as the 12 disciples, left their mark on Christianity as the closest followers of Jesus Christ. Nathanael may have preached in India and translated the book of Matthew into their language. Also known as Simon, Simon Peter, or Cephas (Rock), Peter was a gregarious, natural leader, and an obvious spokesperson for the twelve. What Are "Signs and Wonders" of the End Times? He was a valuable team member. Who Were the 12 Disciples of Jesus? The privileges of the Apostles were to be in continual attendance on their master and to be the recipients of his teaching and training. Meaning of Name and Relationships: Petros meaning “Rock”. The term is sometimes also applied to others, especially Paul, who was converted to Christianity after Jesus’ death. Eusebius the historian said the archives at Edessa contained the visit of Judas and the healing of Abgar (the records have now been destroyed). In it Clement had referred to two classes of heretics,--without giving their names,--one of which encouraged all sorts of license, while the other taught celibacy. In other words, to the exact events which Christians believe Jesus appeared on Earth to fulfill. What do we know about Philip? Apostle, any of the 12 disciples chosen by Jesus Christ. Judas Iscariot, the Traitor, and His Replacement. He was beaten, crucified, and beheaded. In Revelation 21:14 we are told that the twelve foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem will have in them the names of the twelve disciples/apostles. Footnotes: [847] A chapter intervenes between the quotation given by Eusebius just above and the one which follows. And Jesus answering said to him,  "Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven. What is important to remember is although James was somewhat in the background, he was chosen by Jesus to be one of the twelve disciples. There he healed the King of Edessa, Abgar. The Bible doesn’t tell us what he did prior to becoming an apostle. kēf; Engl. He is a rather quiet part of the team of disciples in that we don’t read much about him in Scripture. (Matthew 9:9). Of the original 12 apostles, Judas Iscariot had already committed suicide (Matthew 27:1–5) and is not even mentioned by name in Acts; the remaining 11 are named only once (Acts 1:13). He was not an original apostle of Jesus. Simon had believed the truth and embraced Christ as his Lord. After the Judas' betrayal of Jesus and death, Matthias, a long-time follower of Jesus but not one of the 12 apostles, was chosen to replace Judas. 4 Things You May Not Know About Abraham in the Bible The Bible Story of Elijah t.  Thomas is remembered for his incredulity when the other Apostles announced Christ's Resurrection to him: "Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe" (John 20:25); but eight days later he made his act of faith, drawing down the rebuke of Jesus:  "Because thou hast seen me, Thomas, thou hast believed; blessed are they that have not seen, and have believed" (John 20:29). Who was Peter in the Bible & Why Was He So Important? While we have learned about their Biblical stories or heard their names, most of us do not know the origin of their names, most with a Hebrew meaning. Andrew died a martyr’s death. 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