what is the importance of green revolution

Finally, any of the bred plants selected that is not sensitive to day length were been collected by researchers like Borlaug. One of the most feasible advantages of Green revolution is the development of industries. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is also defined as the period when the productivity of agriculture worldwide multiplied substantially due to new advances in science and technology. was a period when the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically as a result of new advances. Share with your friends. (vi) Change in Attitudes: A healthy contribution of green revolution is the change in the attitudes of farmers. Also, the growth of more crops on the same amount of land is helpful to the environment as it meant that much less natural land and forest needed to be transformed into farmland to provide more food. It brought about significant increase in food production in India. This revolution was referred to as the Green Revolution. Yes, Solar Panels Work In The Rain! 15 Main Effects of Insects on The Environment, 9 Dangerous Effects of Water Pollution on Aquatic Life, 18 Main Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy, 101 Unbelievable Facts about Solar Energy. This helps to reduce the cost of production and results in cheaper prices of food in the market. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... origins of agriculture: The Green Revolution. The output growth was also not quick to generate enough employment opportunities. IR8 variety enabled India to prevent famine in the country and made it one of the largest exporters of rice in the world in the late seventies. The Green Revolution was a period when the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically as a result of new advances. Also, the traditional fertilizers are changed to chemical fertilizers. Yes, Solar Panels Produce Pollution, Here’s How? What Are The Effects Of Volcanoes On The Environment? And this made farming in large scale difficult and unaffordable to some community. It is called a revolution because it was a very widespread phenomenon after its success at its place of origin. Need for second green revolution India has tremendous export potential in agriculture in present era of globalization . Dear student, The answer is: The Green Revolution was started in India in the 1960’s to increase the low levels of food production throughout the nation. (v) Dry farm technique: The new technology has to be extended to dry farming areas. The new varieties require large amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to produce their high yields, raising concerns about cost and potentially harmful environmental effects. Green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century. The Green Revolution, or the Third Agricultural Revolution, is the set of research technology transfer initiatives occurring between 1950 and the late 1960s, that increased agricultural production worldwide, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s. This was coupled with better and efficient irrigation and the correct use of fertilizers to boost the crop. The introduction into developing countries of new strains of wheat and rice was a major aspect of what became known as the Green Revolution. The Green revolution is the agricultural practices that started in Mexico in 1940. Presently, things are a lot easier, whereby, a lot of the crops are grown on a massive scale and even done by smaller farming communities. The use of High Yield Variety seeds led to a substantial increase in the agricultural produce which helped our country in … With this revolutionary farming technique, agriculture can be done almost everywhere. This practice needs a lot of lands, which are not always available, large volumes of water and large quantities of fertilizers, thereby resulting in difficulties for farmers. The new strategy envisaged raising farm output through the use of High-Yielding Varieties (HYV) seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, modern implements and machinery, multiple cropping, irrigation facilities and agricultural … The term Green Revolution refers to the renovation of agricultural practices beginning in Mexico in the 1940s. This is verified from the fact gotten from 1961 to 2008; the population of humans increased by 100 percent and the production of food rose by 150 percent, but the amount of natural land and forests land changed to farm only rose by 10 percent. What is the importance of Green Revolution for the Indian economy? Ever heard of 'Green Revolution'? Importance Of Technology: With the advancement in technology, everything has seemingly become much easier and efficient. When we talk about the Green Revolution, we can’t just take away irrigation. Therefore, these larger seeds produce more grain yield and their weight becomes heavier above the ground. The Green Revolution. During the Green Revolution, plants with the largest will be selected so as to produce the maximum production possible. Its early dramatic successes were in Mexico and the Indian subcontinent. This innovative technology also made it possible to grow more crops on the same land space with the same amount of effort. The causes responsible for the green revolution/new agriculture strategy are undernoted: 1. This has deteriorated the standard of living. This larger weight above the ground eventually results in an increased photosynthate allocation. (v) Dry farm technique: The new technology has to be extended to dry farming areas. It shows that real ranches and real farms produce real food that sustains the ranchers and farmers as well as the public that is eating the food. I talk about Environmental problems, Nature and Life. Impacts or Importance of Green Marketing: Also, here are a few hand-picked articles for you to read next: Being a nature lover, I feel it is my responsibility to show the real environmental problems that we are facing in this world to the public. Green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century. Their work resulted in the development of a variety of rice, IR8. As a result, the lands use for High Yield Variety seeds has increased rapidly; in 1966-67, when Green Revolution got to India, about 1.66 million hectares were used but in 1998-99, about 78.4 million hectares were used. Hence more fertilizer has to be produced in order to meet its growing demand. Also, India which was on the brink of mass hunger in the sixties due to its fast-rising population worked with the Mexican and American institutes and Borlaug. what is the importance of green revolution for the indian economy? The positive impacts were:. This modified strain of rice was later introduced in the Philippines and a lot of different Asian countries, providing them with the supply of stable food and becomes a source of income for the countries. The newly developed artificial pesticides and herbicides controlled weeds, kill or deterred insects, and avoid diseases, which later led to better productiveness. The improved strains of wheat together with the new mechanized agriculture practiced in Mexico enable them to meet the increased food demands. First Green Revolution (1960s-70s) had transformed India from a food deficit to a food surplus country. But in the mid 20th century, a revolution took place and dramatically affected the agricultural sector. This modern technology does not bother about the kind of soil for farming, it only thinks about the area and does whatever needed for crop cultivation, Therefore, it does not replenish or retain the soil fertility. Under premiership of Congress leader Indira Gandhi, the Green Revolution within India commenced in 1966, leading to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. This Revolution has introduced farming to large-scale operation. Green revolution has two aspects: (a) Rapid increase in agricultural production. In this article, I will be discussing the real importance of the Green Revolution, its uses, and the problems that came with it. It may be helping to reduce the number of greenhouse gas emissions.The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States performed a research study in 2013 that looked at the influence of the Green Revolution on greenhouse gas emissions. The health risks in this modern technology cannot be overlooked. It is necessary that businessmen and users should refrain from harmful products. Moreover, as production of rice and, especially, wheat increased, there was a corresponding decrease in…. RiddleLife.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. which together led to the betterment of the people and market related to agriculture. This increase in crop productivity helps to tackle and handle the ever-rising human population worldwide. Borlaug has been hailed as father of Green Revolution, but MS Swaminathan is known as 'Father of Green Revolution in India'.. Borlaug started experimenting with the varieties of wheat in the early forties. They have a way of doubling such crop’s production since the crops were limited due to the amount of light they got. As opposed to farm seeds, farmers now make use of HYV seeds (High Yield Variety). A lot of industries producing chemical fertilizers, pesticides, agriculture machinery, insecticides, and so on, have arisen to meet the rising demand for these products. In second Green Revolution emphasis should be laid on 1. A little amount of money is given to victims. It is written plainly in a genre that is easily understandable. Essay on the Green Revolution. This shows that farmers do not need the most fertile lands to plant their crops since this innovative revolution has made the planting of crops possible on almost every land. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created. The world needs green Revolution 2, which promises to feed a growing world population sustainably –without compromising the needs of future generations 13. Furthermore, there was an introduction and development of high-yield crops. Despite these issues which are worth noting, the Green Revolution has forever modified the way agriculture is practised globally, helping the people of different countries in need of the increase in food production. Poor farmers, unable to afford the fertilizers and pesticides, have often reaped even lower yields with these grains than with the older strains, which were better adapted to local conditions and had some resistance to pests and diseases. It efficiently multiplied crop yields in the country and was finally used globally in the fifties and sixties. Also, the traditional fertilizers are changed to chemical fertilizers. Green Revolution occurred as a result of the adoption of the “new agricultural strategy” in 1964-65. Green revolution refers to improved agricultural production and productivity through application of improved agri-inputs and appropriate technologies. Many major agricultural changes had happened over the years in order to provide enough food to the ever-rising human population. Green marketing raises the voice against production, consumption, and/or disposal of such products that anyway harm consumers, the society, and the environment. Many industries producing agriculture, machinery, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides etc., have come up to meet the growing demand for these commodities. Ever since early man began cultivating land, he has been trying to improve the quality of seeds and yields. 1. These new advances in farming and agricultural technology have been used by farmers everywhere around the world, this change in agriculture is called the Green Revolution. Due to its achievement in generating more agricultural products there, its technology spread globally in the fifties and sixties, thereby increasing the number of calories produced per acre of land significantly. Its early dramatic successes were in Mexico and the Indian subcontinent. See also Norman Borlaug. A process referred to as multiple cropping was also initiated during the period of the Green Revolution and this leads to more productivity. Chemical fertilizer is one of the most important ingredients of green revolution. Technology has, without any doubt a major role in green revolution and has made hundreds of thousands lives easier to live. With this funding, an international institution was formed by Mexico in 1963 and was referred to as The International Wheat and Maize Development Center. Chemical fertilizer is one of the most important ingredients of green revolution. Share 2. Norman Borlaug, an American scientist, is credited with the birth of this revolution as he produced crop varieties that are disease-resistant and largely increased the yield of the wheat in Mexico. Irrigation played a large and vital role in this innovative technology and this forever modified the places where various plants can be grown. Required fields are marked *. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created. Why Is Renewable Energy Important For The Future? Green Revolution (GR). Thus increasing the productivity of the land. This is a very important book that must be read. The Green Revolution refers to the dramatic increase in crop production that is achievable within the developing world. What Is The Actual Importance Of Recycling ? But How. The chemical fertilizers made it possible to supply crops with extra nutrients and, therefore, increase yield. Learn how your comment data is processed. Ever wanted to know more about it? The results were mixed, as many poor or small farmers were unable to afford the seeds or the risks involved in the new technology. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The terms frequently used with these plants so as to make them successful are insensitivity to day period, photosynthate allocation, and harvest index. Gangetic plains reaped rich dividends of this movement, and it transformed itself into a large producer of wheat, rice, sugarcane etc. Before we go into the Disadvantages of the Green Revolution, the Author Walt Davis (Also a Former in Texas) explains the Green revolution delusion in his book in his book at Amazon. Updates? Over the years, a lot of revolutions had occurred and they have all affected human lives, this includes the Industrial Revolution and the American Revolution. Green Revolution refers to a significant improvement in agricultural production. Generally, the unexpected rise in the demand for labour in these regions encouraged labour-saving practices and mechanization. America quickly implemented these strategies started by Borlaug. As a result of its success in Mexico, Green Revolution technologies spread globally. After breeding these plants selectively, they all evolve and have the attributes of larger seeds. I distinguish the first GR period as 1966–1985 and the post-GR period as the next two decades. 1. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Green revolution is one. Share 1. In 1965-66, production of food grains in Punjab was 33.89 lakh tonnes and in 2002-03, production of food grains increased to 235 lakh tonnes. Around the same time Mexico was facing severe food shortages because of the increasing population. The chemical fertilizers created help to give crops more nutrients and, increase the yield of the crops. Share with your friends. By making full use of the food portion or seed of the plant, its photosynthesis will be used more efficiently due to the fact that the production of energy during this method went directly to the seed or food portion of the plant. With the Green Revolution, farmers can actually re-plant their crops without fallowing the lands, which help them save a lot of money since the following is very costly. The inventions of the Green Revolution turned the United States from an importer of wheat to an exporter of it. The green revolution was very important in the growth of agriculture. As opposed to farm seeds, farmers now make use of HYV seeds (High Yield Variety). There has been a general belief that the use of this modern technology decreases absorption of labour in agriculture. Well here is your chance. The green revolution in Pakistan was introduced in 1960s and the introduction of high yield varieties in Pakistan’s agriculture along with the better chemical fertilizers and tube well irrigation has impacted the agriculturel production in Pakistan to the great extent (ref). Omissions? Because of its success in producing more agricultural products there, Green Revolution technologies spread worldwide in the 1950s and 1960s, significantly increasing the number of calories produced per acre of agriculture. Increase in the use of machines that come with the innovation of farm technology in Green Revolution regions come with the risk of injury due to accidents. What are the economic and social values associated with Green Revolution? One of the most important effects of the Green Revolution is that the traditional agricultural practices and inputs have given way to fresh and scientific practices. In fact, these varieties of seeds have revolutionised the agricultural landscape of the developing countries and the problem of food shortage has been reduced. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Thus, Green Revolution is the term used to describe a new strategy of agricultural development introduced in the late 1960s, in India. During this period, new artificial herbicides, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides were produced. Used by plants and genetically changed organisms that might cause invasive species from a surplus! 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