who is the rock foundation of the church
“By the word “rock” the Saviour cannot have meant Himself, but only Peter, as is so much more apparent in Aramaic in which the same word (Kipha) is used for “Peter” and “rock.” His statement then admits of but one explanation, namely, that He wishes to make Peter the head of the whole community of those who believed in Him as the true Messias; that through this foundation (Peter) the Kingdom of Christ would be unconquerable; that the spiritual guidance of the faithful was placed in the hands of Peter, as the special representative of Christ.” (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11744a.htm). πέτρη, a rock, a ledge or shelf of rock, Od. 4, Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament, Baker’s Greek New Testament library, 311, Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 2000). Others said He was Elias, for it is written, “I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord” (Malachi 4:5). 16:18. The word is feminine, and means a rock, as distinguished from a stone or a fragment of rock (πέτρος, above).” (Marvin Richardson Vincent, Word Studies in the New Testament, 1:91, Bellingham, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2002). Just imagine Peter supposed to be bishop of Rome, a great Gentile city, and yet it was definitely settled there that his work was to be among the Jews. The first is masculine, and the second is feminine. How can any one say that Christians are not capable of reading the Word of God and getting the mind of the Lord when the Holy Spirit has been sent from heaven for the express purpose of opening the truth to those who honestly seek that truth and are prepared to walk according to it? The story is told of an Irishman who all of his life had been, as so many of his nation are, a member of the Roman Catholic church but some one had given him a New Testament and through reading it he had been brought to a saving knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ. But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. Jesus looked at him, and said, “You are Simon the son of John; you shall be called Cephas,”. For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. I welcome you to this ministry and pray that this is just the beginning of a relationship that will help you know and understand our loving heavenly Father in a deeper way. And I say unto thee, That thou art Petros and upon this petra [“Petros” is diminutive and means a piece of rock or stone; “Petra” is the great foundation rock itself] I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I come to you as a genuine successor of Peter; I come to you in the direct apostolic order. believe that Peter is the solid rock upon whom the church is built. “Some say that thou art John the Baptist.” This, you recall, was Herod’s first re-action when told of His miracles and testimony. And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him. “And I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades shall not overpower it. We have no way of knowing whether he was in Rome to be crucified or not. The test of these foundations showed up quickly when the storms hit. Why, what do you mean?”, “It says here, ‘Search the Scriptures,’ and so I am after doing what I am told.”. This pastoral office of Peter and the other apostles belongs to the Church's very foundation and is continued by the bishops under the primacy of the Pope. What is the meaning of this passage? If Jesus had given to Peter and to the rest of the apostles the authority to forgive sins, when men came and made their confession, Peter would have said to Cornelius, “To him give all the prophets witness, that through certain authorized ministers of his you may receive remission of sins. “Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, He, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”, “Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal. Peter further tells the members of that Church that they are living stones, built upon this foundation. If you have any questions, please call or email us. But did not the Lord say unto Peter, “I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven”? Thank you for your interest in supporting CARM. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.). There must be a work in the soul by the Holy Spirit of God before people can recognize the true blessedness of our Lord Jesus. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” It is assumed that Peter is the rock upon which the Church is built and that the church built upon Peter will never come to grief. (835). He stepped up to this fellow and said, “The Lord said to Peter, ‘Get thee behind me, Satan,’” and the man almost dropped in his tracks. Given Jesus' choice of two different Greek words for rock and the overall context of the passage, we must conclude Jesus was addressing two different aspects of building His church. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. That may seem like a rather broad statement but I believe that I can show you that it is true. In other words, the church built upon Peter is an outward organization. Undoubtedly if he understood the Lord to say that the Church was to be built upon him, he would tell us so. It is similar to the English words actor and actress. Therefore, we can conceive of circumstances where it might be safer to go to Peter or to his successors than to Christ Himself.” That is the conclusion that one came to when he swung away from the plain testimony of the Word of God and subjected his mind to the decisions of the councils and to church traditions. 21:14). And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-jona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. 28:16). 1935. Long after the day of Pentecost when one would have thought that Peter would have been utterly beyond failure, that he could have been trusted in everything, we find that he turned aside from the truth for a time. Which of all the Protestants denominations is the correct church? The feminine “petra” occurs four times in the Greek New Testament: We can clearly see that in the three other uses of the Greek word petra (nominative singular; “petras” in 1 Cor. We exist to bring glory to God through the transformation of lives. 2. Some said He was Jeremiah, for some of the Rabbis held that Jeremiah was the unnamed sufferer of Isaiah 53. However, that is not all that the New Testament says about the church’s foundation. Our blessed Lord said of the Holy Spirit, “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” (John 14:26). Since we do not have the Aramaic text, it is not proper to refer to it as proof of the Roman Catholic position. “Except in Jn. | Furthermore, in John 1:42 it says, “He brought him to Jesus. 2:8). In 1 Corinthians 3:10-11, Paul writes, “According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. Note that Peter himself in the last verse referred to petra as being Jesus! Eerdmans. The work there was commenced without any apostle. What a strange Church that would be! And in Matthew 16, the rock is Peter. When I was depending upon you, it was milk and water stuff you were giving me, now, thank God, I am milking me own cow and it’s the cream of the Word I am getting.”, Another story is told of a little lad sitting on the curb in Johannesburg in South Africa, reading a New Testament when the priest passed by and, recognizing him as a child of a family belonging to his flock, said, “My boy, what is that book you are reading?”. We'd love to keep you up to date with what is happening at CARM. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. The foundation is the most fundamental part of a building, upon which all else is built (Cf. We have to ask ourselves why the Roman Catholic Church would resort to using something that we don’t have: the Aramaic text. Ironside in reply to a radio sermon by Dr. Shean of Washington, D.C. “When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? It is possible to build wrongly on a good foundation, but if the foundation is wrong, nothing else can be truly right. “The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; “Is there any God besides Me, or is there any other Rock? Imagine a man cast out on a desert island with nothing but a copy of the Bible, no teacher, no clergy man, no priest, no church, no other books of any kind to instruct him. Does John 9:2 imply that we pre-existed in heaven before birth? Not at all, it is given to the Church of God as a whole. And Simon Peter answered and said, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. Let one of the greatest doctors of the Church tell us if they insist that we must not use our own private judgment in determining the meaning of holy Scripture. Jesus looked at him, and said, “You are Simon the son of John; you shall be called Cephas,” (which is translated Peter).” The word “Peter” here is Petros–not petra. Here it is in context. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. One of the Mormon religion's central doctrines is their teaching that the New Testament church fell into absolute,... by Matt Slick | Feb 23, 2020 | Roman Catholicism, World Religions. Then what rock? “I say unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it. This is consistent with scripture elsewhere where the term rock is sometimes used in reference to God but never of a man. Wherefore also it is contained in the Scripture, Behold I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Peter was one of the Twelve Apostles, all chosen by Jesus to be the foundation of his Church. It is, “He that believeth on him is not condemned;” “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved;” “Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy laden and I will give you rest;” “Look unto me and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.” It is the person that saves, and trusting Him we go on to learn more of His wonderful work but we begin with faith in Christ Himself. And Paul goes on to say, “When I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise master-builder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. The kingdom of heaven is that sphere on earth which we commonly speak of as Christendom. So autonomy. I have read much Roman Catholic theology, I have examined a great many volumes put out by Catholic publishers and after having compared them with the Word of God, my private judgment tells me that I dare not trust the salvation of my soul to the decision of popes or councils if they go contrary to the Book. “Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, He began asking His disciples, saying, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” 14 And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets. St. Augustine, of whom there is no greater doctor in all the Church, in his comment on the verse, says, “So then, Christ, not Peter, is the rock on which the Church is built.” Clearly, what our Lord is saying is, “This glorious revelation the Father has given to you, Simon Peter; this great truth that you have confessed—upon this rock I will build my Church and the gates of hell—the gates of hades—shall not prevail against it.” You say, “But that is your private judgment.” Let me turn to an authentic letter written by the apostle Peter himself and learn from him what he understood the Lord to mean that day. In Galatians 2:11 we read, “But when Peter was to come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.” What do you think would happen if one of the bishops should withstand the pope to his face in the presence of all the rest of them? Why don’t you tell us what the Lord said to Peter? The masc. Dr. Harry A. Ironside Every Christian has the same revelation. He did say, “I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven.” But is not the kingdom of heaven heaven itself? The other man built his house on the solid foundation of rock. Neither could he have founded the church there, because Paul was to go there and he stated himself that he did not build upon another man’s foundation. Jesus is the rock on which the church is built The truth is that the only foundation is Jesus. Does not that exactly correspond with our Lord’s words to Peter on the coasts of Caesarea Philippi: “Peter, you are a rock-like man and you are built upon this rock, the confession that I am the Son of the living God.”. When we turn to the tenth chapter of Acts, we get just such a testimony. 3:11). But it is perfectly clear that the Church is a great spiritual company, not necessarily visible to men but one that includes all real believers, and against that Church the gates of hell shall never prevail. Do you need an infallible pope to tell you the meaning of the words, “Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ”? And so He turned to His disciples and interrogated them in this way: “Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?” And they told Him what the common report had been. We have some letters from Peter which were written between the years of A.D. 60 and 67 and the second of these was written from Babylon where he was laboring among the dispersed of Israel. a rocky peak or ridge . Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” Is this authority given particularly to Peter? In Ephesians 2, Christ is the cornerstone with the apostles and New Testament prophets as the foundation. 7:24-27). “Flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.” Because of this a Roman Catholic theologian has declared, “It is evident from these words that our Lord wishes us to understand that Simon Peter had secrets with the Father in which Christ Himself did not share. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.” Is there any question as to what that means? In verses 9 to 11 we read, “For we are laborers together with God: ye are God’s husbandry, ye are God’s building. Popes today are not at all bashful about telling us that there is no salvation outside the church that is built on Peter and that they are Peter’s successors. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. “The Rock! Peter was not in Rome in A.D. 61 to 63 for in those years Paul was there in prison, and he wrote those four wonderful prison letters and there is not the slightest recognition of Peter’s presence in any of them. It is not merely a natural thing. But then what of the other things that the Lord said to Peter? “…you are Peter (πέτρος, petros) and upon this rock (πέτρα, petra) I will build My church…”, “And I also say to you that you are Peter (petros), and upon this rock (petra) I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not overpower it.”. Therefore, has he not committed to Peter the right to close the doors of heaven against any who do not submit to him and to open to those who do? If you have any issues, please call the office at 385-246-1048 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even as we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.” Here, then we see Peter failing, sinning, needing repentance; surely unfit to be the rock on which the Church is built. Definition: The universal church is that organism of professing believers making up the body of Christ through baptism by the Holy Spirit, which was formed first on the day of Pentecost, is distinct from the nation of Israel, and is not limited to local congregational or denominational affiliation.Everyone, living or dead, who has ever put their faith in Jesus Christ from the day of Pentecost till now, is a member of the universal church, Christ’s body, of which He is the head (Ephesians 1:22). Paul Adefarasin serves as Founder and President of the foundation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. We are to look to no one else as the foundation, the source, or the hope on which the church is built. “It is the New Testament, father,” he said. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on Earth shall be loosed in heaven” —Matthew 16:13-19. This scene complements the one in Matthew. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut. And honest princes will rule under him. The translation supports the view that Kēphás is not a proper name, since one does not usually translate proper names”1Kittel, G., Friedrich, G., & Bromiley, G. W. (1995, c1985). '” The problem is that the text is not in Aramaic – but Greek. The Lord made Simon alone, whom he named Peter, the 'rock' of his Church. That is what is implied in his thirteenth verse, “When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi.” Caesarea Philippi was the first great Gentile city just north of the land of Palestine, about twenty miles beyond the border of Palestine, and Jesus had gone up into the northernmost part of Galilee and was looking out toward that great Gentile world thinking of the untold millions who were still in their sins to whom His salvation was yet to come, the men for whom He was soon to die and He realized that so much depended upon men having a correct understanding of the dignity of His person. We believe with Chillingworth that “The Bible and the Bible alone is the religion of Protestants” and so are not very much concerned about traditions or about the decisions of church councils or the declarations of popes, fallible or infallible. 3:11, Eph. But Jesus said that the rock he would build his church on was not the masculine “petros” but the feminine “petra.” Let me illustrate by using the words “actor” and “actress:” “You are the actor; and with this actress, I will make my movie.” Do see that gender influences how a sentence is understood? All down through the ages saints of God have been following in the line of the apostles; and as a Christian minister I say to you, by divine authority, if you want remission of sins, come to Jesus, not to a priest; acknowledge your guilt to Jesus; tell Him you are the sinner for whom He died, and I dare declare to you on the authority of the Son of God, when you do that, you have remission of sins, for Jesus says, “Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted.” If you refuse to come, if you do not turn to Christ, your sins remain upon you for all eternity, for Jesus says, “Whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.” If you are a weary, sin-sick soul, anxious to enter into peace with God, come to Christ and find salvation in Him. That is what is commonly thought in Romanist circles. The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; But these Scriptures do not refer to Christ as a rock upon which the church is built. (1 Corinthians 3:11) This observation by the apostle Paul warns Christians that it is possible to build either successfully or with awful failure on the foundation that Jesus Christ has laid for us. Jesus, who knew the heart of Peter, was not saying that Peter, the movable and unstable stone, would be the immovable rock upon which the Church would be built. Petra, πέτρα, ας, ἡ (1) literally, living rock, bedrock (MT 7.24), in contrast to πέτρος (isolated stone); (Timothy Friberg, Barbara Friberg and Neva F. Miller, vol. He is its Author, its original Foundation (1 Corinthians 3:11), and its chief Cornerstone (Ephesians 2:20). This passage of Scripture has been the source of a great deal of contention, of difference of opinion among theologians for many years. Of the fathers, and of others who are supposed to speak with authority. 27:60) and in reference to Christ (1 Cor. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.” The Greek word is “hypocrisy.” The apostle Peter is here branded as acting the part of a hypocrite. 1:42, where it is used to elucidate Aramaic kēphás, Pétros is used in the NT only as a name for Simon Peter . Is that not private judgment, after all? Upon Peter? Πέτρος Petros, “a noun akin to 4073, used as a proper name; “a stone” or “a boulder,” Peter, one of the twelve apostles:— Peter(150), Peter’s(5).” (Robert L. Thomas, New American Standard Hebrew-Aramaic, and Greek Dictionaries: Updated Edition, H8674, Anaheim: Foundation Publications, Inc., 1998, 1981). 14:29-30, “And Peter got out of the boat, and walked on the water and came toward Jesus. word; a (large mass of) rock:–rock(10), rocks(3), rocky(2). The Rock Church of Fenton, Lake Fenton, Linden, and Byron, Michigan exists to preach the Word of God, Baptize, and Disciple The Rock Church: Fenton - Biblical Foundations Home (835). The whole tradition about Peter being in Rome and being the first pope is absolutely unsubstantiated. If Simon Peter believed that, he certainly would not leave his disciples in any doubt regarding it; he would tell them the truth about a matter like this. 2. a rock, i.e. Is that heaven? It is difficult to answer the question of which Protestant denomination is the right one without first laying out a... by Luke Wayne | Feb 20, 2020 | Mormonism, World Religions. Finally the parish priest missed his erstwhile faithful parishioner so he arranged to visit him. Peter, the man, is appropriately referred to as Petros. A sermon preached in The Moody Church by Dr. H.A. Of all, when we turn to the stability of the other man his. 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